Description of  Potatoes



The scientific name: Solanum Tuberosum


Potato is a perennial tuberous crop belonging to the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Potato is a common type of vegetable that grows underground. Nutritious and easy to grow and preserve. Potato is one of the food crops in the main food of the world. Potato is one of the easiest vegetables. It is usually grown by planting some part of the main structure of the plant instead of planting from seed which is called a seed potato. Potatoes grow more conveniently through the propagation of such plants.

Potato is one of our favorite vegetables or food. Potato is a universal vegetable that can be cooked with fish, meat, eggs and even for breakfast and vegetables are needed for vegetarian cooking. Potatoes not only mean carbohydrates and extra calories but also has various nutritional properties. Potato is incomparable in terms of the nutritional value for the human body and in enhancing beauty too.  We eat these potatoes along with other foods almost every day. Potatoes are a lot of carbohydrates including vitamins A, B, C, potassium, iron, antioxidants and fiber.

It was widely cultivated in South America 1800 years ago. Potatoes were cultivated to Europe in the second half of the 16th century. In the last 17th century the crop was the main crop in Ireland and in the last 18th century. It was the main crop in continental Europe, especially in Germany and west of England.


Different types of Potatoes:

Types of Potatoes
  1. New Potatoes
  2. Russet Potato
  3. Yukon Gold Potatoes
  4. Kennebec Potatoes
  5. Blue Potatoes
  6. Red Potatoes
  7. German Butterball Potatoes
  8. Red Thumb Potatoes
  9. Fingerling Potatoes
  10. Sweet potatoes
  11. Purple Sweet Potatoes
  12. Japanese Sweet Potatoes
  13. Hannah Sweet Potatoes
  14. Jewel Yam
  15. Phureja Potatoes
  16. La Ratte Potatoes



Easy Potato Recipes:


Best Baked potatoes:

Baked potatoes are usually a very healthy food, especially when eaten with its fiber-rich skin. But since its nutritional profile and composition is different from other vegetables. It has more starch than the green leafy. Baked potatoes are dried and cooked in the microwave at a temperature of 300 degrees F (150 degrees C), pierce the skin a few times with a knife or fork. Place the potatoes in a pre-heated oven and wait for 90 minutes or until slightly soft and golden brown color. Then, piece the potatoes in the middle and serve with butter and black pepper.

Potato salad:

Potato salad is a Recipe made from boiled potatoes and other ingredients. This potato salad recipe with eggs makes the egg flavor salad more tastier. Boil the potatoes and the skin starts cracking after about 20-25 minutes. Since the skin of the potatoes is thin, it is easy to peel them after boiling. Be sure to choose potatoes of the same size for the most consistent boiling. You can make a salad with salt, pepper and other spices just before serving. In a medium bowl add the onion, boiled chopped egg to the potato mixture. Add salt, pepper and turmeric mustard to taste with the potato mixture.

Best Homemade Mashed Potatoes:

Select high-starch potatoes like Russets or Yukon Gold for a fluffy, smooth and most flavorful mashed. Put the potatoes in a large pot and add about 1 inch of normal water to boil. Stir in 2 tablespoons salt. Large potatoes can take longer, boiling for a total of 45 or 50 minutes. When boiled, mash the potatoes. Heat the butter for 20 minutes and add salt. Heat the butter and milk until the butter is melted. Keep both warm. Add the warm milk-butter to the potatoes, stirring gently with a wooden spoon. When all the milk-butter is absorbed, at first it will feel like soup. But the potatoes will slowly absorb the liquid, mix until creamy and eventually, it will turn into a creamy mixture. Take Taste and serve with more salt and pepper as needed.


More Healthy  Potato Recipes :

Scalloped Potatoes, Oven Roasted Sweet Potatoes, Air fryer Sweet Potatoes Fries, Baked Sweet Potatoes in oven, Hasselback Potatoes, Twice-baked Potatoes in oven, Smashed Sweet Potatoes, Dauphinoise Potatoes, Sag aloo,  Aloo palak , Aloo Gobi (Aloo  gobi is a vegetarian dish in the Indian subcontinent), AU Gratin Potatoes, Potatoes Latkes, Jacket Potatoes, Cheesy Potatoes, Homemade Sweet Potato Chips, Instant pot mashed potatoes, German Potatoes Salad, Colcannon Potatoes, Garlic Mashed Potatoes, Funeral  Potatoes, Home fries, Russian Salad, Baked Potatoes in air fryer, Fondant Potatoes, Best Roasted red Potatoes, Fried Potatoes, Homemade baked French Fries, Cauliflower Mashed Potatoes, Bombay Potatoes, potato lefse recipe,  Steak Fries, Loaded baked potatoes, Sweet Potatoes Souffle, Greek lemon potatoes,  Lyonnaise potatoes,  Instant pot baked sweet potatoes, Candied sweet Potatoes, Salt and vinegar potatoes chips, Sweet Potatoes Salad, Bombay aloo, Duchess potatoes, Sag potatoes, Boxty recipe, Parmentier potatoes, Dauphinoise  potatoes, Korokke  potatoes, Homemade chips .

Nutrition of Potatoes:


Potato is a balanced and nutritious food. Each 100 grams of potato contains 19 grams of sugar, 2.2 grams of fiber, 2 grams of protein, 0.52 grams of mineral salt, Potassium salt is 0.42 grams and vitamin 0.02 grams.

Potatoes are especially effective in strengthening the body, especially in the spleen and stomach. This plant is useful in the problem of deficiency in kidney function. Its benefits can also be noticed in the case of night blindness.

It is customary to eat sweet potatoes by burning them in the fire. It is customary to eat sweet potatoes by burning them in the fire. This method is effective in relieving the common cold and cough. The benefits of round potatoes are much the same as those of sweet potatoes. But a little bit low. It helps to overcome the weakness of the spleen and stomach as well as the general weakness of the body. Potatoes can be boiled, cooked in curry or eaten mashed. Potatoes contain vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant to counteract the damage to body cells. Potato also eliminates stomach problems. Potatoes contain a variety of fatty acids, vitamin B complex, amino acids, and omega-3 which help increase brain function.

A good source of carbohydrates, protein, calcium, niacin, and vitamin C and vitamin B complex, these potatoes help fight heart disease and keep blood pressure normal. Potatoes do not allow kidney stones to accumulate. In addition to vitamin C and B complex, potatoes contain potassium, magnesium, zinc and phosphorus, which are beneficial for your skin.


Health benefits


Brain Health –

Carbohydrates, potassium and glucose are very important for brain health. As all the ingredients are in the potato together, Potatoes also have a role in keeping the brain healthy.

Regulates blood pressure:

The role of potatoes in controlling high blood pressure is immense. Potatoes are rich in potassium which helps in reducing high blood pressure in the body. The fiber in potatoes helps reduce bad cholesterol.

Healthy heart:

Potatoes contain fiber, potassium, vitamin C and vitamin B6 which make it possible to control cholesterol. Cholesterol control and also keeps healthy to the heart.

Increases immunity:

Potatoes are rich in vitamin C, which works as an antioxidant and helps immunity and to counteract the damage to body cells.

Helpful digestion:

Potatoes contain a lot of fiber which is helpful for digestion. Potatoes are very useful in reducing stomach pain, digestive noise. Potatoes are very useful for those who have digestive problems or cannot digest food easily.

Protect cancer:

Potatoes contain folate which Makes DNA. . As a result, the cells that can cause cancer are destroyed by the folate cells in potatoes. In addition, the fiber in potatoes is effective to cure colon cancer.

Reduce stress:

Potatoes contain glucose, vitamin B complex, amino acids, omega-3 and other fatty acids, which keep the brain active. Moreover, potatoes are effective to reduce stress and make a better mind.


Potatoes contain Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Zinc, Niacin and Iron which help in hair growth and eliminating the problem of hair loss. In addition, if there is a problem of dandruff or dryness in the hair, it also helps to get rid of it. Potato peel is much more suitable to eliminate the problem of mature hair. The starch in potato peel controls mature hair.

Sleep Problems :

The right amount of potassium, magnesium and calcium in the body gives your body balance and comfort so that your nerves calm and you can sleep peacefully. So if you have insomnia or less sleep problems, eating potatoes can be beneficial.

Bone health:

Potatoes contain iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc, all of which are good for bone health. As a result, potatoes help to strengthen the body structure. Potatoes also contain phosphorus which is beneficial in controlling tumors.

Keeps the kidneys well:

Potatoes contain a sufficient amount of magnesium. Magnesium prevents the accumulation of excess calcium in the kidneys and other tissues of the body. As a result, there is no risk of kidney stones.

Potatoes in beauty:

Applying potato paste or potato juice on the skin can get rid of various spots and other skin problems. Potatoes contain Vitamin C, B complex, Potassium, Magnesium, Zinc, Phosphorus etc. which are beneficial for the skin.

Benefit eyes ink:

Potatoes are the best ingredient to reduce ink or puffiness under the eyes. Every day, take two pieces of potato and apply them to the eyes and leave them for a while. Then it should be washed well with water. With regular use, you can get rid of the ink under the eyes quickly.

Dark skin spots:

Black spots on the skin can be easily removed with the help of potatoes. Make a pack by mixing a few drops of potato juice with a little honey. Apply it all over the face then dry after some time and wash your face.

Relieve dry skin:

Potatoes are very suitable for relieving the dryness of the skin. Mix a piece of potato juice with a little bit of curd and apply it to the face. This daily practice easily removes dead cells, leaving the skin glowing. Makes the skin soft and makes skin beautiful and soft by eliminating the roughness of the face.

The side effect of potatoes:


  1. Green potatoes and damaged potatoes should be taken seriously. It is unsafe to eat damaged potatoes. These can be unsafe to eat and contain toxic chemicals that cannot be destroyed by cooking. It may indicate the presence of a toxin called solanine. The green color and the bitter taste that potatoes occasionally develop may indicate the presence of a poison. Green potato peelings can help reduce solanin levels, but once a potato turns green, it’s best to discard it. These toxic chemicals can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, thirst, restlessness and even death.
  1. Potatoes are rich in carbohydrates. Excess carbohydrates needed by the body not only cause weight gain, but can also cause problems like diabetes.
  1. Ripe potatoes, potato juice and potato extract are eaten as food. Eating fried potatoes can increase weight. Drinking potato juice can cause heartburn and diarrhea.

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